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Purification of hydrogen from carbon monoxide for fuel cell application over modified mesoporous CuO–CeO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46769 46448 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Purification of hydrogen from carbon monoxide for fuel cell application over modified mesoporous CuO–CeO2 catalysts
Abstract

Selective oxidation of CO in H2-rich streams was carried out over a series of CuO–CeO2 catalysts doped by different transition metals (Mn, Fe, Ni, Ti, Co and Cr). The effect of the dopants on the structure and catalytic properties of CuO–CeO2 catalysts was investigated by N2 adsorption/desorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectra and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) techniques. The results show that the addition of Mn and Fe plays a beneficial role in extending the low-temperature catalytic activity of CuO–CeO2 catalysts, whereas the introduction of Cr and Co leads to a negative effect on the catalytic activity and resistance against CO2 and H2O. The superior catalytic performance of CuO–CeO2 catalysts with Mn and Fe doping originates from the enhanced interaction between copper and ceria, owing to the formation of more Cu+ and oxygen vacancies in the solid solution framework. While the poor catalytic activity of the Co doped counterpart is mainly ascribed to the substitution of introduced cobalt ions for copper ions in ceria lattice, resulting in the segregation of copper ions from the ceria lattice and the consequent aggregation of copper species on the ceria surface. The doping of Cr into CuO–CeO2 structure remarkably weakens the interaction between copper and ceria, which decreases the reducibility of copper species and inhibits the formation of Cu+. It accounts for the lowest catalytic activity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The introduction of Mn and Fe plays a beneficial role in extending the low-temperature catalytic activity of CuO–CeO2 catalysts. ► The introduction of Cr and Co leads to a negative effect. ► Mn and Fe doping enhances the interaction between copper and ceria and facilitates the formation of solid solution. ► The introduced cobalt ions substitute for copper ions in ceria lattice. ► The introduction of Cr remarkably weakens the interaction between copper and ceria.

Keywords
CuO–CeO2; Transition metals; CO selective oxidation; Cu+; Oxygen vacancies
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Purification of hydrogen from carbon monoxide for fuel cell application over modified mesoporous CuO–CeO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 108–109, 11 October 2011, Pages 72–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us