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Pentachlorophenol reduction by Pd/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles: Effects of copper, nickel, and ferric cations

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46788 46449 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
Pentachlorophenol reduction by Pd/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles: Effects of copper, nickel, and ferric cations
Abstract

Bimetallic nanoparticles have been used for effective reduction of chlorinated compounds; however, the study of cation effect on degradation is limited. This study examined the effect of three selected cations normally co-present in soil and groundwater contamination sites on the degradation kinetics and removal efficiency of pentachlorophenol (PCP) by Pd/Fe nanoparticles. Degradation of PCP by Pd/Fe nanoparticles was carried out in aqueous solutions containing different cations in sulfate form, Na2SO4, CuSO4, NiSO4, and Fe2(SO4)3, respectively. The observed inhibitory effect of Na2SO4 on degradation of PCP was contributed to the existence of SO42− ions. Overcoming the inhibitory effect of SO42− ions, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Fe3+ could facilitate the degradation kinetics and efficiencies of PCP by Pd/Fe nanoparticles. XANES absorption spectra were performed to characterize their valences. The enhancement effect of Cu2+ and Ni2+ ions result from the presence of reduced forms of copper and nickel on Pd/Fe surfaces. The presence of reduced forms of copper and nickel on Pd/Fe nanoparticles were confirmed by ICP–MS analysis. The addition of Fe3+ ions caused a decrease in pH and can reasonably account for the enhancement seen in the PCP degradation process. These observations lead to a better understanding of PCP degradation with Pd/Fe nanoparticles and can facilitate the remediation design and prediction of treatment efficiency of PCP at remediation sites.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pd/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles effectively degrade PCP. ► Sulfate ions inhibit on degradation of PCP with Pd/Fe nanoparticles. ► Cu2+, Ni2+, and Fe3+ ions enhance the degradation of PCP by Pd/Fe nanoparticles. ► The reduced form of copper and nickel on Pd/Fe surfaces facilitates the degradation.

Keywords
Pentachlorophenol; Pd/Fe nanoparticles; Degradation; Cations; Sulfate
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Pentachlorophenol reduction by Pd/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles: Effects of copper, nickel, and ferric cations
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 105, Issues 1–2, 9 June 2011, Pages 24–29
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us