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Effects of temperature and reductant type on the process of NOx storage reduction over Pt/Ba/CeO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46838 46450 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Effects of temperature and reductant type on the process of NOx storage reduction over Pt/Ba/CeO2 catalysts
Abstract

The influences of temperature and reductant type on NOx storage and reduction behavior were studied by transient lean/rich cycles and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) experiments over Pt/Ba/CeO2 catalysts. It is found that the reducing ability of H2 is more predominant than that of CO and C3H6 especially at low temperatures. DRIFTS results showed that NOx can be stored as nitrates on both Ba and Ce sites by replacing carbonates species during the lean phase. During the rich phase, however, H2 regenerated Ba storage sites more effectively than did CO and C3H6, and Ba(NO3)2 could be easier reduced than Ce(NO3)4. The relatively low reduction performance of CO was attributed to Pt sites being poisoned by CO, which affected low temperature performance, and by carbonates formation, which affected high temperature conversions. The least reactivity of C3H6 was due to its lowest activation ability by the catalysts. Furthermore, water addition had a positive effect on CO reduction ability at 200 °C but little influence at elevated temperatures. It was assumed that H2O improved the low temperature NOx reduction process by alleviating CO poisoning of Pt.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► NOx can be stored as nitrates on both Ba and Ce sites by replacing carbonates species during the lean phase. ► H2 regenerated Ba storage sites more effectively than CO and C3H6 did. ► The deteriorated reduction efficiency of CO at 200 °C was due to a serious poisoning of Pt sites. ► The least reactivity of C3H6 was due to its lowest activation ability by the catalysts. ► Water addition had a positive effect on CO reduction ability at 200 °C but little influence at elevated temperatures.

Keywords
NOx storage reduction; NOx removal efficiency; Temperature; Reductants; H2; CO; C3H6; Pt/Ba/CeO2
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Effects of temperature and reductant type on the process of NOx storage reduction over Pt/Ba/CeO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 104, Issues 1–2, 27 April 2011, Pages 151–160
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us