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Reduction and adsorption mechanisms of selenate by zero-valent iron and related iron corrosion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46842 46450 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Reduction and adsorption mechanisms of selenate by zero-valent iron and related iron corrosion
Abstract

The mechanisms of selenate [Se(VI)] removal by zero-valent iron (ZVI) were investigated using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) including X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Batch experiments were performed to measure the ZVI removal of Se(VI) as a function of Se(VI) concentration, pH, and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration; these experiments demonstrated that low Se(VI) concentration, low pH, and the presence of DO increased the kinetics of Se(VI) removal. XAS showed that the main factor affecting Se(VI) reduction and adsorption as well as ZVI corrosion was the ratio between Se(VI) concentration and ZVI. At high Se(VI) concentrations (>50 mg/L), lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH) was the principal ZVI corrosion product. During ZVI corrosion, Se(VI) was not completely reduced to Se metal [Se(0)]/selenide [Se(-II)] with 1 g/L ZVI, although Se(VI)/selenite [Se(IV)] was adsorbed onto the surface of the lepidocrocite. At a low Se(VI) concentration (10 mg/L), Se(VI) was reduced to Se(0)/Se(-II) with 1 g/L ZVI, which indicated that reduction by ZVI was the principal mechanism of Se(VI) removal, with magnetite (Fe3O4) being the primary corrosion product in the absence of absorbed Se(VI) ions. Therefore, the reduction capacity and iron corrosion coating of ZVI depended on Se(VI) concentration (i.e., the Se(VI)/ZVI ratio) and less extensively on pH and DO.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The mechanisms of Se(VI) removal by zero-valent iron (ZVI) was investigated. ► At high Se(VI), Se(VI) was not completely reduced to Se(0)/Se(-II) by ZVI. ► Lepidocrocite is the principle ZVI corrosion product at high Se(VI). ► Se(VI) was completely reduced and ZVI was transformed to magnetite at low Se(VI). ► The reduction capacity and iron corrosion depend on Se(VI) concentration.

Keywords
Selenate; ZVI; XANES and EXAFS spectroscopy; XRD; Magnetite; Lepidocrocite
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Reduction and adsorption mechanisms of selenate by zero-valent iron and related iron corrosion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 104, Issues 1–2, 27 April 2011, Pages 185–192
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us