Influence of modification method and transition metal type on the physicochemical properties of MCM-41 catalysts and their performances in the catalytic ozonation of toluene
The current study describes the catalytic ozonation of toluene using MCM-41 catalysts modified by different transition metals (Cu and Co) and methods (in situ synthesis and impregnation). The characteristic hexagonal channel array of the MCM-41 pore system was not destroyed by the transition metal modification, but the order and surface area were decreased. Large particles of copper oxide exposed on the (1 1 1) lattice plane, which were indicative of severe sintering, were found on the catalyst modified by Cu via in situ synthesis. Such particles were not observed on the other catalysts. Using the modified catalysts in toluene ozonation revealed that with increased reaction temperature, toluene conversion under a steady state increased, whereas ozone conversion decreased. The transition metal-modified MCM-41s also had largely improved catalytic activities compared with pure MCM-41. Catalytic performance was found to depend on the metal type and modification method. The method that resulted in improved catalytic performance was in situ synthesis for the Co-modified MCM-41, and was impregnation for the Cu-modified MCM-41. The relatively superior performance of the transition metal-modified catalysts over pure MCM-41 is attributed to two main features. One is the well dispersion of metal oxides, and the other is the strong capacity to decompose built-up organic byproducts on the catalyst surface.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Transition metal modification effectively improves the catalyst activity. ► The catalytic performance highly depends on metal type and modification method. ► High dispersion of metal oxides favors improvement of catalyst activity. ► The build-up of organic byproducts deteriorates the catalyst.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 107, Issues 3–4, 21 September 2011, Pages 245–252