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Hydroxyapatite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for controlled photocatalytic NO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46916 46453 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Hydroxyapatite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for controlled photocatalytic NO oxidation
Abstract

Biphasic photocatalytic powders consisted of hydroxyapatite (HA) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) were prepared by precipitation of HA in presence of TiO2 (Evonik-Degussa P25). Depending on the volume ratio between HA and TiO2 in the initial solution the materials showed different textural properties. Aggregates consisted of spherical particles were formed at low HA/TiO2 ratio, while the decrease of the TiO2 amount resulted in formation of needle and lath like particles. The specific surface area (ssa) of the composites was higher than the ssa of the pure components and increased with the decrease of the TiO2 amount. The novel materials exhibited excellent activity in photocatalytic NO oxidation, while the activity in NO2 removal, either by oxidation or by adsorption to the HA, was extremely low for the composites with volume ratio VHA/VTiO2VHA/VTiO2 more than 1. The selective behavior of these composites towards the two steps of the NOx oxidation process was related to the preparation procedure followed. The composite with 50% (v/v) TiO2 revealed higher OH formation ability and photocatalytic activity in overall NOx removal than the pure TiO2 component that was ascribed to the specific VHA/VTiO2VHA/VTiO2 ratio and growth of HA on the TiO2 surface.

Graphical abstractSample HT01 (with volume ratio TiO2/HA = 1:1) has not only photonic efficiency in NO oxidation twice bigger than pure TiO2, but also higher efficiency in NOx removal as well.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The composite with volume ratio VHA/VTiO2VHA/VTiO2 equal to one demonstrated higher OH production than pure TiO2. ► The photocatalytic activity in NO → NO2 oxidation was higher for all composites in comparison to the pure components. ► The photocatalytic activity in the NO2 → NO3− oxidation was low for all composites except for the sample with volume ratio VHA/VTiO2VHA/VTiO2 equal to one. ► The unique behavior of the HA/TiO2 composites was attributed to the dispersion between the components and the influence of residual acidic groups due to the HA precipitation procedure applied.

Keywords
Hydroxyapatite; Titanium dioxide; Nanocomposites; Photocatalysis; NO oxidation
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Hydroxyapatite/titanium dioxide nanocomposites for controlled photocatalytic NO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 106, Issues 3–4, 11 August 2011, Pages 398–404
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us