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Cinder supported K2CO3 as catalyst for biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46933 46453 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Cinder supported K2CO3 as catalyst for biodiesel production
Abstract

This study aims to explore cheap macroporous solid base catalyst with high transesterification efficiency. Cinder, as solid waste from coal burning industry, with natural macroporous structure and alkalinity, was served as the support for K2CO3 to prepare solid base catalyst for biodiesel production. In the present paper, catalysts prepared in different conditions were characterized by base strength, BET surface area, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and the triglyceride (TG) conversion from the transesterification catalyzed by each catalyst was determined using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The effects of various parameters such as concentration of K2CO3 impregnating solution, catalyst loading, molar ratio of methanol to oil and reaction time on the activity of catalysts were investigated. A maximum TG conversion of 99.5% was obtained under the optimal conditions as catalyst amount of 17.4%, methanol/oil of 12:1 and reaction time of 1 h, which was catalyzed by the catalyst prepared with 0.50 g mL−1 K2CO3 impregnating solution. The results indicated that K2CO3 was decomposed into K2O by the catalysis of metal oxides in cinder or transformed into Al–O–K compounds through reaction with cinder. The formation of K2O and Al–O–K compounds should be the main reason for the catalytic activity. Continuous use of the catalyst in a tubular reactor showed high TG conversion (>90%) maintained 9 h. The deactivation of the catalyst after 9 h use was mainly caused by potassium leaching to the glycerol phase.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights• New solid base catalyst using solid waste cinder. • Catalyst shows high activity for biodiesel production. • Optimum conditions for biodiesel production were determined. • High catalyst activity in continuous use last for 9 h. • K2O and Al–O–K are main active compounds in the catalyst.

Keywords
Cinder; Solid catalyst; Tung oil; Transesterification; Biodiesel
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Cinder supported K2CO3 as catalyst for biodiesel production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 106, Issues 3–4, 11 August 2011, Pages 550–558
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us