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The influence of the local structure of Fe(III) on the photocatalytic activity of doped TiO2 photocatalysts—An EXAFS, XPS and Mössbauer spectroscopic study

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47014 46455 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
The influence of the local structure of Fe(III) on the photocatalytic activity of doped TiO2 photocatalysts—An EXAFS, XPS and Mössbauer spectroscopic study
Abstract

Fe(III)-doped TiO2 based heterogeneous photocatalysts were prepared by the sol–gel technique (S samples) or flame hydrolysis (F samples). In photocatalytic phenol decomposition, the undoped F-sample performed much better, than the undoped S one. However, for the S samples, photocatalytic activity first increased with the increasing Fe(III) concentration, and then passed through a maximum, while Fe(III)-doping in F samples significantly decreased it, even at the smallest dopant level. Since the same dopant caused opposite photocatalytic effects in the two series, their structure was systematically compared to identify the underlying chemical and/or physical reasons.The photocatalysts were first characterized by AAS, DRS, XRD and TEM methods and it has been shown that the differences in the photocatalytic activity cannot be explained by the minor variations in the bulk structural properties of TiO2.Mössbauer and XP spectroscopic measurements performed on representative samples qualitatively proved that the local structure of Fe(III) is different in the two series. To quantify these effects, Fe-K edge X-ray absorption measurements were performed. From the pre-edge and XANES region it was learnt that Fe(III) was present in a distorted octahedral environment in both series, however, the extent of distortion is much more significant within the S than within the F one. Information obtained from the EXAFS region indicated that the structure of Fe2O3 was much more ordered in the F-series then in the S one and vacancies were more abundant in the S than in the F series. Moreover, the geometry around Fe(III) systematically varied within the S-series, which could explain, why photocatalytic activity passed through a maximum with the increasing Fe(III) concentration in these samples.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights► Fe-doped TiO2 samples were prepared with sol–gel and flame synthesis. ► For sol–gel samples, photocatalytic activity passes through a maximum with the Fe-content. ► For the flame synthesised samples, Fe-doping deactivated them. ► Local structure of Fe(III) was found to be different in the two series. ► Presence of vacancies and haematite-like local structure was found to be beneficial for the photocatalytic performance.

Keywords
TiO2; Fe(III) doping; EXAFS; XPS; Mössbauer; Local structure; Photocatalysis
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The influence of the local structure of Fe(III) on the photocatalytic activity of doped TiO2 photocatalysts—An EXAFS, XPS and Mössbauer spectroscopic study
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 103, Issues 1–2, 14 March 2011, Pages 232–239
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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