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TiO2 modified with both phosphate and platinum and its photocatalytic activities

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47042 46457 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
TiO2 modified with both phosphate and platinum and its photocatalytic activities
Abstract

A new hybrid modification method of TiO2 photocatalyst was developed and investigated. TiO2 modified with both phosphates and platinum nanoparticles on its surface (P-TiO2/Pt) was prepared by a simple two-step method using phosphoric acid (as phosphate source) and chloroplatinic acid (as platinum source). The coexistence of phosphate and platinum on the surface of TiO2 was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron micrography. P-TiO2/Pt showed a significantly higher photocatalytic activity than any of bare TiO2, P-TiO2, and Pt/TiO2 for the degradation of phenolic compounds (4-chlorophenol; bisphenol A; 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)). In particular, P-TiO2/Pt minimized the production of toxic intermediate (2,4-dichlorophenol) during the photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-D. In accordance with the higher photocatalytic activities of P-TiO2/Pt, both the production of OH radicals and the photocurrent collection in the suspension were markedly enhanced upon the simultaneous platinization and phosphation of TiO2. The two surface species acted synergically to enhance the photocatalytic activity. The surface phosphation that should replace the surface hydroxyl groups on TiO2 favors the formation of unbound OH radicals instead of surface-bound OH radicals while the surface platinization accelerates the electron transfer with retarding the charge recombination. The phosphation of TiO2 was stable over a wide range of pH due to the strong chemical bonding of phosphate on TiO2 whereas the surface fluorination of TiO2, which can be similarly compared with the phosphation in its photocatalytic effect, is active only at acidic pH. P-TiO2/Pt showed a higher photocatalytic activity than Pt/TiO2 for the degradation of 2,4-D even at pH 11, under which condition the effect of surface fluorination of Pt/TiO2 completely disappeared.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► P-TiO2/Pt showed higher photocatalytic activity than any of bare TiO2, P-TiO2, and Pt/TiO2. ► The high activity of P-TiO2/Pt is ascribed to the synergic action of two surface species and the enhanced production of OH radicals. ► P-TiO2/Pt minimized the production of toxic intermediate (2,4-dichlorophenol) during the photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-D. ► Synergic activity of P-TiO2/Pt was stable in a wide range of pH.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Surface phosphation; Surface platinization; Photocatalytic degradation; Water treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 106, Issues 1–2, 21 July 2011, Pages 39–45
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us