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Gram-scale wet chemical synthesis of wurtzite-8H nanoporous ZnS spheres with high photocatalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47063 46457 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Gram-scale wet chemical synthesis of wurtzite-8H nanoporous ZnS spheres with high photocatalytic activity
Abstract

Wurtzite-8H nanoporous ZnS spheres assembled from crystallites, were synthesized via a “green” wet chemical route. A possible formation mechanism for the growth process of the ZnS spheres has been proposed based on experimental observations. The prepared catalysts are characterized by transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, elemental analysis, and UV–vis absorption spectroscopy. The catalyst showed high and stable photocatalytic activity for the degradation of persistent toxic organic pollutants, as demonstrated with azo dye X-3B (X-3B), trichloroacetate (TCA) and phenol under both visible (>420 nm) and UV light irradiation. The experimental results demonstrate that the photocatalytic activity of ZnS spheres is 3.3 and 9 times higher than that of Degussa P25 and commercial ZnS, respectively. The production of OH radicals on the ZnS surface was detected by the photoluminescence (PL) technique using coumarin as a probe molecule, which suggests that OH radicals are the dominant photo-oxidant in the photocatalytic reaction. More importantly, this synthesis method can be economical for a scale-up process, and may also be applicable to the preparation of additional II–VI semiconductors for catalysis and other applications.

Graphical abstractWurtzite-8H nanoporous ZnS spheres assembled from crystallites were synthesized for the first time via a “green” wet chemical route. The catalyst showed high and stable photocatalytic activity for the degradation of persistent organic pollutants as demonstrated with azo dye X-3B (X-3B), trichloroacetate (TCA) and phenol under both visible (>420 nm) and UV light irradiation.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► “Green” wet chemical route for the gram-scale synthesis of ZnS spheres. ► Composition is hexagonal wurtzite ZnS nanosheets (∼600 nm in diameter). ► Photocatalytic decomposition of azo dye, trichloroacetate, and phenol. ► Photocatalysis under both visible and UV irradiation.

Keywords
Nanoporous ZnS spheres; Wurtzite; Photocatalysis; Organic pollutants; Hydroxyl radical (OH); Photoluminescence technique
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Gram-scale wet chemical synthesis of wurtzite-8H nanoporous ZnS spheres with high photocatalytic activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 106, Issues 1–2, 21 July 2011, Pages 212–219
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us