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Influence of different heat treatments on the surface properties and catalytic performance of carbon nanotube in ozonation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47083 46458 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Influence of different heat treatments on the surface properties and catalytic performance of carbon nanotube in ozonation
Abstract

The influences of treatment conditions, gas atmosphere (N2 and H2) and temperature (450 °C and 950 °C), on the surface properties and catalytic performance of carbon nanotube (CNT) were investigated for the degradation of oxalic acid in aqueous solution by the process of catalytic ozonation. No obvious change on the textural properties of CNT is found after heat treatment, while the results of Boehm titration clearly indicate the reduction of acidic groups and the increase of basic groups on CNT surface after heat treatment under different conditions, and then a significant improvement on oxalic acid removal by CNT catalytic ozonation is obtained. The heat treatment of CNT under H2 atmosphere is more effective in eliminating acidic groups and increasing basic groups than the case of N2 atmosphere at the same temperature, which results in higher catalytic activity and lower total organic carbon (TOC) release in ozonation correspondingly. A linear relationship is observed between the pH at the point of zero charge (pHPZC) of CNT and the rate constant for ozonation of oxalic acid in the presence of CNT with different treatments. It is suggested that heat treatment can increase the basic property of CNT, which can enhance the contribution of surface reactions to the whole reactions for ozonation of oxalic acid.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Heat treatment has a significant influence on the activity of CNT in ozonation. ▶ Heat treatment increases the basic property of CNT. ▶ CNT with a higher pHPZC has a higher activity in ozonation. ▶ A linear relationship is observed between pHPZC and rate constant in ozonation.

Keywords
Carbon nanotube; Heat treatment; Catalytic ozonation; Oxalic acid
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Influence of different heat treatments on the surface properties and catalytic performance of carbon nanotube in ozonation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 101, Issues 1–2, 22 November 2010, Pages 74–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us