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Ceria supported group IB metal catalysts for the combustion of volatile organic compounds and the preferential oxidation of CO

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47087 46458 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Ceria supported group IB metal catalysts for the combustion of volatile organic compounds and the preferential oxidation of CO
Abstract

Catalytic combustion of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and preferential oxidation of CO (PROX) were investigated over IB metal/ceria catalysts prepared by deposition–precipitation (DP) or coprecipitation (CP). The activity towards the deep oxidation of VOC was in the order: Au/CeO2 ≥ Ag/CeO2 > Cu/CeO2 ≫ CeO2. The same trend was also found in the PROX reaction in terms of total conversion of O2, which includes O2 consumed both for CO and H2 oxidation. A different behaviour was observed in the CO conversion to CO2, that is the desired PROX reaction. For this reaction, in fact, Au and Cu catalysts gave high CO conversions, Au/CeO2 at low temperature (maximum of 84.3% for AuDP at 70 °C) and Cu/CeO2 at higher temperature (maximum of 96.8% for CuCP at 150 °C), whereas Ag catalysts always exhibited very low CO conversions (maximum of 16.7% for AgCP at 80 °C). Both for PROX and VOC combustion the Au sample prepared by DP was more active than the CP one, whereas a reverse behaviour was found on Ag and Cu catalysts.On the basis of characterization data (XRD, H2-TPR, surface area measurements, H2–D2 isotopic exchange, N2O and H2–O2 chemisorption) it was proposed that a higher atomic radius of the IB metal and the presence of smaller crystallites of both IB metal and ceria result in a larger enhancement of mobility/reactivity of surface ceria oxygens, involved in both investigated reactions through a Mars–van Krevelen mechanism. The very low PROX activity of Ag/CeO2 samples was related to the low capacity of silver to activate the CO molecule.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ The order of ceria lattice oxygen reactivity is Au/CeO2 ≥ Ag/CeO2 > Cu/CeO2 ≫ CeO2. ▶ The order of VOC combustion activity is Au/CeO2 ≥ Ag/CeO2 > Cu/CeO2 ≫ CeO2. ▶ The smaller are IB metal and ceria clusters, the more active is the catalyst. ▶ Ag/CeO2 is the best system for VOC combustion, Cu/CeO2 for PROX reaction. ▶ Ag/CeO2 has a very low activity for CO oxidation to CO2.

Keywords
Gold; Silver; Copper; Cerium oxide; VOC; Deep oxidation; PROX
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Ceria supported group IB metal catalysts for the combustion of volatile organic compounds and the preferential oxidation of CO
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 101, Issues 1–2, 22 November 2010, Pages 109–117
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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