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Assessing optimal photoactivity on titania nanotubes using different annealing temperatures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47141 46462 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Assessing optimal photoactivity on titania nanotubes using different annealing temperatures
Abstract

Photocatalytic activity of titania nanotubes, during degradation of reactive blue 69 (RB-69) dyes, was correlated with its optical properties and compared with commercial photocatalyst P25. Titania nanotubes made up of two structural layers walls were prepared by an alkali thermal reflux treatment at atmospheric pressure from an anatase precursor with sodium hydroxide. Annealing titania nanotubes at 473–673 K, red-shifted the fundamental transition edge of titania, showing a maximum at 573 K with a band gap energy of 2.97 eV and an additional visible absorption band was originated due to the dehydroxylation of strongly deformed TiO6 octahedral layers on the curved nanotubular structure. Temperatures above 673 K brought about the collapse of TiO6 octahedra layers of the nanotubular walls yielding anatase domains inhibiting the light absorption in the visible region and blue shifting the UV absorption to a band gap energy of 3.2 eV. The higher the red-shift of the transition edge of titania the higher the photocatalytic activity in degradation of the dye compound. Titania nanotubes annealed at 573 K showed similar photodegradation activity (per mass unit) of RB-69 to commercial photocatalysts Degussa-P25, both with band gap energies of 2.97 and 3.0 eV, respectively.

Graphical abstractAnnealing temperature strongly affects the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanotubes on the UV-degradation of reactive blue 69.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Photoactivity of TiO2 nanotubes, on RB-69 degradation, was studied. ▶ TiO2 nanotubes at 473–673 K, red-shifted the transition edge of TiO2. ▶ Photoactivity of TiO2 nanotubes is optimal at 573 K.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; Titania nanotubes; Azo dye degradation; UV–vis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 100, Issues 1–2, 11 October 2010, Pages 47–54
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us