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An operando DRIFTS study of the active sites and the active intermediates of the NO-SCR reaction by methane over In,H- and In,Pd,H-zeolite catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47152 46462 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
An operando DRIFTS study of the active sites and the active intermediates of the NO-SCR reaction by methane over In,H- and In,Pd,H-zeolite catalysts
Abstract

Zeolites In,H-ZSM-5 (Si/Al = 29.7, 1.7 wt% In) and In,H-mordenite (In,H-M, Si/Al = 6.7, 3.5 wt% In) were prepared by reductive solid state ion exchange (RSSIE) method and studied in the selective catalytic reduction of NO (NO-SCR) by methane. The results suggested that the methane oxidation reactions proceed by redox type mechanisms over In+/InO+ sites. The NO reduction selectivity was shown to be related to the relative rates of In+ oxidation by NO and O2. Regarding the relative rates, the In+ density of the zeolite was the most important. Above about 673 K the In,H-ZSM-5 (T-atom/In = 102) had higher NO reduction selectivity than the In,H-mordenite (T-atom/In = 46). The operando DRIFTS examinations suggested that NO+ and NO3− surface species were formed simultaneously on InO+Z− sites, and were consumed together in the NO-SCR reaction with methane. The reduction of the NO3− by methane gave an activated N-containing intermediate, which further reacted with the NO+ species to give N2. The NO-SCR properties could be significantly improved by adding small amount of Pd to the In,H-zeolite catalyst. The promoting effect of Pd was interpreted as a concerted action of InO+ and the Pdn+ sites. The interplay between these sites is twofold: the Pd speeds up the equilibration of the NO/O2 mixture, thereby, increases the formation rate and the steady state concentration of the activated nitrate species, whereas the In+/InO+ sites prevent the transformation of Pd-nitrosyls to less reactive isocyanate and nitrile species.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ NO+ and NO3− surface species are formed simultaneously on InO+Z− sites upon contacting the In,H-zeolite samples with NO/O2 mixture under catalytic conditions. ▶ Reduction of the NO3− species with methane gives an activated N-containing intermediate in the selective catalytic reduction of NO with methane in the presence of oxygen. ▶ The N-containing intermediate then further reacts with NO+ species to give N2.

Keywords
In,H-zeolites; In,Pd,H-zeolites; NO-SCR by CH4; Operando DRIFTS
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An operando DRIFTS study of the active sites and the active intermediates of the NO-SCR reaction by methane over In,H- and In,Pd,H-zeolite catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 100, Issues 1–2, 11 October 2010, Pages 133–142
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us