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Ultrasound-assisted nanocasting fabrication and excellent catalytic performance of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous chromia for the combustion of formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47164 46462 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Ultrasound-assisted nanocasting fabrication and excellent catalytic performance of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous chromia for the combustion of formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol
Abstract

Rhombohedral chromia with three-dimensionally (3D) ordered mesopore structures were fabricated adopting the ultrasound-assisted nanocasting strategy with 3D ordered mesoporous silica (KIT-6) as hard template and chromium nitrate as metal source. The physicochemical properties of the materials were characterized by the XRD, TGA/DSC, BET, TEM/SAED, XPS, and H2-TPR techniques, and their catalytic activities were evaluated for the oxidation of typical volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol. It is found that there were tri-, penta-, and hexavalent chromium ions in the 3D mesoporous structure. Compared to the bulk chromia, the mesoporous chromia materials were larger in surface area (69–124 m2/g) and could be reduced at lower temperatures. Among the chromia catalysts, the meso-Cr-400 one obtained after calcination at 400 °C showed the best performance. Over meso-Cr-400 at space velocity = 30,000 mL/(g h), formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol conversions achieved 90% at 117, 124, and 130 °C, respectively; the corresponding apparent activation energies were 45.6, 49.7, and 50.8 kJ/mol. It is concluded that the ultrasound treatment was a key step to improve the mesoporosity quality of the chromia materials during the nanocasting process, and the factors, such as low-temperature reducibility, 3D ordered mesoporous architecture, and high-surface area, were responsible for the excellent catalytic performance of meso-Cr-400.

Graphical abstractChromia with 3D ordered mesopore structures are fabricated using the ultrasound-assisted nanocasting method with KIT-6 as hard template. The ultrasound treatment is a key step to improve the mesoporosity quality. Meso-Cr-400 shows the best catalytic performance for formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol oxidation, which is related to its good low-temperature reducibility, 3D ordered mesoporous architecture, and high surface area.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ 3D ordered mesoporous chromia are fabricated via an ultrasound-assisted nanocasting route. ▶ Ultrasound treatment is a key step to improve the quality of mesoporosity. ▶ Meso-Cr-400 shows the best catalytic performance for VOCs oxidation. ▶ Reducibility, 3D mesoporous structure, and surface area determine the catalytic activity.

Keywords
Mesoporous chromia catalyst; Ultrasound-assisted nanocasting method; KIT-6-templating strategy; Volatile organic compound combustion
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Ultrasound-assisted nanocasting fabrication and excellent catalytic performance of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous chromia for the combustion of formaldehyde, acetone, and methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 100, Issues 1–2, 11 October 2010, Pages 229–237
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us