Catalytic wet air oxidation of formic acid over Pt/CexZr1−xO2 catalysts at low temperature and atmospheric pressure
CexZr1−xO2-based Pt catalysts were investigated in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of formic acid at low temperature (294–326 K) under atmospheric pressure in order to evaluate the impact of the high oxygen mobility over the ceria–zirconia supports on the catalytic performances. The effect of the support composition, the Pt loading and the reaction conditions (reaction temperature, formic acid concentration, oxygen partial pressure) was studied. The bare supports, in the absence of any active metal, appeared to be only slightly active. The 0.080 wt.%Pt/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 catalyst (0.5 g L−1) exhibited the best performances: 100% formic acid (5 g L−1) conversion was achieved after 360 min at 326 K under atmospheric pressure. The reaction apparent activation energy was ca. 36 ± 4 kJ mol−1. In the lowest temperature range (T ≤ 313 K), the initial reaction rate was proportional to the dissolved oxygen concentration and, accordingly, the reaction order with respect to oxygen was ca. 1 ± 0.1. The oxygen transfer to the active site was rate limiting and formic acid saturated the catalyst surface. More interestingly, from ca. 326 K, the reaction order with respect to formic acid increased to ca. 0.5 ± 0.1 and the reaction order with respect to oxygen decreased to 0.8 ± 0.1, indicating that oxygen might already be efficiently activated on the CexZr1−xO2 mixed oxide supports even under moderate temperature conditions.
Graphical abstractCeria–zirconia mixed oxides may also help in transferring the oxygen up to the active site and enhance the performances of the catalyst in the catalytic wet air oxidation of organic compounds.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Pt/CexZr1−xO2 catalysts efficiently mineralize formic acid at low temperature. ▶ Ceria–zirconia mixed oxides help transferring the oxygen up to the active site. ▶ The activation energy is markedly lowered over the Pt/CexZr1−xO2 catalysts. ▶ The reaction kinetics is modified in the presence of the Pt/CexZr1−xO2 catalysts.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 100, Issues 1–2, 11 October 2010, Pages 282–288