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The role of lattice oxygen on the activity of manganese oxides towards the oxidation of volatile organic compounds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47247 46464 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
The role of lattice oxygen on the activity of manganese oxides towards the oxidation of volatile organic compounds
Abstract

A series of manganese oxides differing in the structure, composition, average manganese oxidation state and specific surface area have been used in the total oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOC). Ethanol, ethyl acetate and toluene were chosen as models of VOC.Among the manganese oxides tested, cryptomelane (KMn8O16) was found to be very active in the oxidation of VOC. The performance of cryptomelane was significantly affected by the presence of other phases, namely, Mn2O3 and Mn3O4. Temperature-programmed experiments combined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) show that the mobility and reactivity of the oxygen species were significantly affected, explaining the catalytic performances of those samples. Mn3O4 improves the catalytic performance due to the increase of the reactivity and mobility of lattice oxygen, while Mn2O3 has the opposite effect. These results show that there is a correlation between the redox properties and the catalytic performance of the manganese oxides.Temperature-programmed surface reactions (TPSR) after adsorption of toluene or ethanol, in addition to reactions performed without oxygen in the feed, show that lattice oxygen is involved in the VOC oxidation mechanism. The conversion level was found to be influenced by the type of VOC, the reactivity into CO2 increasing in the following order: Toluene < Ethanol < Ethyl Acetate. The type of VOC is particularly important, as each VOC affects the reduction of the catalyst and, consequently, the incorporation rate of oxygen from the gas phase. Toluene decreases the oxygen mobility, so there is a slower incorporation rate of oxygen in the lattice, which explains the lower conversions observed.

Graphical abstractT50 (open symbols) and T90 (filled symbols) determined for ethanol and toluene oxidation as a function of the amount of CO2 obtained in the reactions without oxygen in the feed.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Manganese oxides are very active for the total oxidation of VOC. ▶ The catalyst that contains cryptomelane and Mn3O4 presents the best performance. ▶ There is a correlation between the reducibility and the activity of Mn oxides. ▶ TPSR and tests without O2 show that lattice oxygen is involved in the mechanism.

Keywords
Manganese oxides; Cryptomelane; Oxidation; Volatile organic compound; Ethanol; Toluene; Ethyl acetate
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The role of lattice oxygen on the activity of manganese oxides towards the oxidation of volatile organic compounds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 99, Issues 1–2, 31 August 2010, Pages 353–363
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us