Preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide on Co/CeO2 nanoparticles
A highly active CoOx/CeO2 nanoparticle catalyst with high surface area (78 m2/g) has been prepared and tested in the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide (PROX) in the presence of hydrogen. Three distinct temperature regions of catalyst activity are observed corresponding to CO oxidation, H2 oxidation and methanation. The catalyst achieves near 100% CO conversion under a wide range of reaction conditions demonstrating peak activity near 175 °C. The catalyst is stable with time-on-stream at the temperature of highest CO conversion. The presence of H2 decreases the CO oxidation rate, possibly due to competitive adsorption between H2 and CO. CO oxidation and H2 oxidation activation energies were 52 and 74 kJ/mol, respectively. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction experiments have demonstrated that the cobalt takes the form of Co3O4 and no CoO was detected under any experimental conditions.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 97, Issues 1–2, 9 June 2010, Pages 28–35