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Preparation and characterization of bimetallic Rh-Ni/Y2O3-Al2O3 for hydrogen production by raw bioethanol steam reforming: influence of the addition of nickel on the catalyst performances and stability

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47280 46466 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Preparation and characterization of bimetallic Rh-Ni/Y2O3-Al2O3 for hydrogen production by raw bioethanol steam reforming: influence of the addition of nickel on the catalyst performances and stability
Abstract

The influence of the addition of Ni on the catalytic behaviour of a Rh/Y2O3-Al2O3 catalyst (Rh/Y-Al) was evaluated in the ethanol steam reforming reaction in the presence of methyl-2-propan-1-ol as impurity. Physical-chemical properties of modified materials were determined by H2 chemisorption, XRD, BET, TPR, IR spectroscopy and TPO. It was established that the catalytic behaviour of the Rh/Y-Al base catalyst is widely improved by the addition of Ni. Nickel incorporation leads to the formation of both dispersed nickel phase and nickel aluminate species. Basic properties of the support were not modified by the addition of Ni but it was concluded to a rearrangement of acid sites. NiAl2O4 phase leads to an increase of the Lewis acid sites (LAS) of weak strength, generating a decrease of the production of coke and higher catalyst stability. It has been shown that the incorporation of Ni on the Rh/Y-Al catalyst increases the rhodium accessibility and stabilizes the rhodium particles size. Finally, the higher performances of RhNi/Y-Al catalyst were correlated to an increase in the methane steam reforming activity.

Keywords
Rhodium; Nickel; Ethanol steam reforming; Rare earth elements; Yttrium; Hydrogen production; Impurity; Methyl-2-propan-1-ol; Infrared study; Bimetallic catalysts
First Page Preview
Preparation and characterization of bimetallic Rh-Ni/Y2O3-Al2O3 for hydrogen production by raw bioethanol steam reforming: influence of the addition of nickel on the catalyst performances and stability
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 97, Issues 1–2, 9 June 2010, Pages 72–81
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis