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Catalytic wet air oxidation of N,N-dimethylformamide aqueous solutions: Deactivation of TiO2 and ZrO2-supported noble metal catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47304 46466 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic wet air oxidation of N,N-dimethylformamide aqueous solutions: Deactivation of TiO2 and ZrO2-supported noble metal catalysts
Abstract

N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) is largely used as versatile solvent in various processes. It is thus present in large quantities in many industrial effluents. Oxidation of aqueous solutions of DMF with air was conducted at 180–230 °C under 50–70 bar total pressure in a batch reactor, in the absence or in the presence of heterogeneous noble metal catalysts (platinum, palladium, and ruthenium) supported on TiO2 or ZrO2. Under the examined reaction conditions, DMF decomposition and oxidation produced dimethylamine (DMA), methylamine (MA), and ammonium as the major N-containing products. Formic acid was also intermediately formed from the scission of the C–N bond. Nitrites and nitrates were only present in very low amounts. The addition of a catalyst accelerated the initial rates of DMF and TOC (total organic carbon) conversions, but the selectivity to N2 was low. The production of DMA and MA was demonstrated to be very much detrimental to the chemical stability of these catalysts. A dramatic leaching of the noble metals occurred because of the complexation with the free lone pair electrons on the nitrogen atom of these amines.

Keywords
Catalytic wet air oxidation; Dimethylformamide (DMF); Dimethylamine; Methylamine; Complexation; Leaching; Supported platinum and ruthenium catalysts
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Catalytic wet air oxidation of N,N-dimethylformamide aqueous solutions: Deactivation of TiO2 and ZrO2-supported noble metal catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 97, Issues 1–2, 9 June 2010, Pages 276–283
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us