CoMo/Al2O3-SiO2 catalysts prepared by co-equilibrium deposition filtration: Characterization and catalytic behavior for the hydrodesulphurization of thiophene
Four CoMo catalysts supported on Al2O3-SiO2 mixed materials of varying SiO2 content (1.5, 10, 20 and 30% SiO2 w/w) were prepared following the co-EDF methodology. The catalysts were characterized using various techniques (BET, potentiometric mass titrations, XRD, DRS, XPS, LRS, TPR, TPD of ammonia and NO chemisorption). Two additional catalysts were prepared and characterized on two mixed supports, which contain 1.5 and 20% SiO2 w/w, following the conventional impregnation procedure. The hydrodesulphurization (HDS) activities of the catalysts studied were determined using thiophene as a probe molecule.The co-EDF catalysts were proved to be more active than the corresponding ones prepared following the conventional impregnation procedure. This was attributed to the relatively high dispersion of the Mo supported phase achieved by applying co-EDF. The following activity trend was obtained over the co-EDF catalysts, 20Si > 30Si > 1.5Si > 10Si, which indicates that the activity is maximized over the catalyst prepared on a mixed support containing 20% SiO2 w/w. This zigzag trend was explained in terms of two parameters, the ratio “tetrahedral (monomer) /octahedral (polymer) Mo species” and the amount of cobalt aluminate formed, both regulated by changing the composition of the mixed support.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 96, Issues 3–4, 7 June 2010, Pages 496–507