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Effect of sulfur as a growth promoter for CNx nanostructures as PEM and DMFC ORR catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47448 46472 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of sulfur as a growth promoter for CNx nanostructures as PEM and DMFC ORR catalysts
Abstract

The impact of thiophene, a carbon growth promoter, was investigated when added to acetonitrile during pyrolysis over 2 wt%Fe/MgO to form nitrogen-containing carbon nanostructured (CNx) oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. ORR activity and selectivity were studied using rotating ring disk electrode (RRDE) electrochemical testing. Catalysts were characterized using XPS, TEM, hydrophobicity testing and BET surface area. It was found that thiophene did increase CNx yield, but did not affect the ORR activity of the resulting catalysts. Characterization results revealed that sulfur was incorporated into the CNx catalyst. Viability of catalysts for use in a PEM or direct methanol fuel cell environment was further investigated using temperature programmed oxidation and desorption (TPO, TPD) techniques to determine the stability of sulfur in CNx, catalyst. Post-synthesis treatment to prevent sulfur desorption during long-term use in a fuel cell was found to be feasible.

Keywords
Nitrogen-containing carbon; ORR catalysts; Fuel cell; Nanostructured carbon; Carbon growth promoters; Sulfur; CNx
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 96, Issues 1–2, 26 April 2010, Pages 72–82
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us