fulltext.study @t Gmail

Photo-Fenton-like treatment of the commercially important H-acid: Process optimization by factorial design and effects of photocatalytic treatment on activated sludge inhibition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47464 46472 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Photo-Fenton-like treatment of the commercially important H-acid: Process optimization by factorial design and effects of photocatalytic treatment on activated sludge inhibition
Abstract

H-acid is a biologically inert, photochemically stable napthalene sulphonate derivative (1-amino-8-hydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulphonic acid) being frequently produced as an essential raw material of many commercially available textile azo dyes. Treatability reports dealing with the advanced chemical oxidation of H-acid are limited to a few case studies that do not provide a deep insight into single as well as combinative effects of the main process variables influencing the treatment performance. In the present study, the degradation of aqueous H-acid and its organic carbon (COD, TOC) content with the Photo-Fenton-like advanced oxidation process was optimized in terms of selected major process variables (ferric iron concentration, hydrogen peroxide concentration, initial COD value and reaction time) by employing response surface methodology and central composite design. For this purpose, two main targets were set in the optimization approach, namely (i) the achievement of complete/highest possible oxidation (mineralization) and a (ii) partial oxidation option under relatively mild reaction conditions. The photocatalytic treatment performance was examined by the analysis of the process outputs H-acid, COD and TOC removals. Statistical evaluation of the established polynomial regression models as well as validation experiments run under locally (initial COD-based) optimized reaction conditions to test the reliability of the obtained models revealed that Photo-Fenton-like oxidation of aqueous H-acid is highly efficient and the proposed reaction model successfully predicts organic carbon abatement rates for both treatment targets. From the empirical regression models derived for organic carbon removal it was also evident that the photocatalytic treatment system was mainly affected by the initial COD content (negative effect) closely followed by the parameter initial hydrogen peroxide concentration (positive effect). Activated sludge inhibition experiments conducted with heterotrophic biomass indicated that during the application of Photo-Fenton treatment under optimized reaction conditions, no toxic oxidation products were formed.

Keywords
H-acid; Response surface methodology; Central composite design; Photo-Fenton-like oxidation process; Activated sludge inhibition
First Page Preview
Photo-Fenton-like treatment of the commercially important H-acid: Process optimization by factorial design and effects of photocatalytic treatment on activated sludge inhibition
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 96, Issues 1–2, 26 April 2010, Pages 208–217
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us