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Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis of alkaline NaBH4 solution with Cr-promoted Co–B amorphous catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47516 46474 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis of alkaline NaBH4 solution with Cr-promoted Co–B amorphous catalyst
Abstract

Cr-modified Co–B (Co–Cr–B) catalyst alloy powders have been synthesized by chemical reduction of cobalt and chromium salt at room temperature to study the hydrogen production by catalytic hydrolysis of NaBH4. The Cr/Co molar ratio was varied in the catalyst in order to study the effect of Cr doping on surface modification and catalytic efficiency of Co–B catalyst. The resulting catalyst powders were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-photoelectron spectroscopy, and BET surface area measurement. When the molar ratio χCr = Cr/(Cr + Co) exceeds 9% the BET surface area of the Co–Cr–B catalyst increases by one order of magnitude as compared to that of Co–B catalyst. The catalytic activity of the Co–Cr–B for hydrogen production depends on Cr concentration: specifically, the activity increases by increasing χCr up to about 4% and then it gradually decreases by further increasing χCr. We established that the increased catalytic activity is related to the formation of chromium oxide on the catalyst surface, with the oxide favoring the dispersion of Co–B particles resulting in high catalyst surface area. However as χCr exceeds 4%, Cr starts to cover the Co active sites and the corresponding catalytic activity decreases. The highest catalytic activity was obtained at the optimum Cr-content, χCr = 4%, in Co–Cr–B catalyst, showing nearly 4 times higher H2 generation rate than that of pure Co–B catalyst. Kinetic studies on the hydrolysis reaction of NaBH4 with Co–Cr–B catalyst reveal that the concentrations of both NaBH4 and NaOH have essentially no effects on hydrogen generation rate. The promoting effect of Cr in Co–Cr–B catalyst results in lower activation energy for hydrogen production, which is 37 kJ mol−1 as compared to 45 kJ mol−1 obtained with pure Co–B powder. Finally, the possible role of Cr3+ species in the electron exchange mechanisms involved in NaBH4 hydrolysis with the Co–Cr–B catalyst has been discussed.

Keywords
H2 generation; Hydrolysis; Sodium Borohydride; Co–Cr–B catalyst; Surface area
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Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis of alkaline NaBH4 solution with Cr-promoted Co–B amorphous catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 92, Issues 1–2, 19 October 2009, Pages 68–74
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us