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Non-precious oxygen reduction catalysts prepared by high-pressure pyrolysis for low-temperature fuel cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47528 46474 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Non-precious oxygen reduction catalysts prepared by high-pressure pyrolysis for low-temperature fuel cells
Abstract

Iron-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were produced by pyrolysis of iron-acetate and Ketjenblack® carbon with varying amounts of 2,2′-bipyridine in a closed, constant-volume vessel. The total surface nitrogen content detected by XPS varied from 0.6 to 2.2 at% when the nitrogen precursor loading was varied from 1.5 to 11.3 wt%. The amount of nitrogen in the Fe-pyridinic form is estimated to vary between 0.12 and 0.24 at%, correlating to catalytic activity (current density) variation from 0.07 to 1.9 mA cm−2 at a catalyst loading of 0.5 mg cm−2. These results support the theory that iron associated with pyridinic nitrogen is a component of the catalytic active site responsible for oxygen reduction.

Keywords
Electrocatalysis; Oxygen reduction reaction; Non-precious catalysts; Pyrolysis; XPS; Fuel cells
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Non-precious oxygen reduction catalysts prepared by high-pressure pyrolysis for low-temperature fuel cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 92, Issues 1–2, 19 October 2009, Pages 209–216
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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