fulltext.study @t Gmail

Decomposition of 2-chlorophenol employing goethite as Fenton catalyst. I. Proposal of a feasible, combined reaction scheme of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47534 46475 2010 13 PDF Available
Title
Decomposition of 2-chlorophenol employing goethite as Fenton catalyst. I. Proposal of a feasible, combined reaction scheme of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions
Abstract

A study has been conducted on the decomposition of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) applying a heterogeneous Fenton reaction using goethite as catalyst at pH 3. The research was aimed at obtaining a workable kinetic expression apt for developing a kinetic model for scaling up purposes. Several aspects of the reaction have been described in the available literature but, for the moment, without a reasonable representation of the entire reaction behavior. In order to provide a more comprehensive and probable explanation of the whole observed performance, a set of experiments was carried out varying systematically all the significant variables. The proposal considers that the reaction is essentially a combination of four heterogeneous processes associated with one typical homogeneous Fenton reaction. Three of the surface reactions explain a very small iron leaching to the medium by a proton induced solubilization, a reductive dissolution reaction and a non-reductive iron release produced by detected 2-CP chemical decomposition byproducts, particularly, chlorohydroquinone (ClHQ) and oxalic acid (OxA). Iron concentration in the solution may be further increased in the final stages of the reaction after most of the 2-CP has been degraded, by the appearance of OxA that takes part in a third surface reaction. The fourth heterogeneous reaction rationalizes the unusual hydrogen peroxide consumption at high catalyst loadings. During the homogeneous reaction, the presence of ClHQ and ClBQ produces a homogeneous autocatalytic beneficial enhancement of the Fe3+ → Fe2+ transformation. Consequently, the existence of phenolic derivatives either in the mixture or as reaction byproducts produces a beneficial enhancement of the reaction rate. Very low iron leaching is required to produce the onset of the homogeneous Fenton reaction, which was shown to be strongly dependent upon the reaction temperature. All the experimental findings were satisfactorily described by a set of 19-step feasible reaction scheme. The process could be useful for the treatment of wastewaters containing pollutants with phenolic derivatives, as long as iron leaching remains within tolerable limits.

Keywords
2-CP, 2-chlorophenol; ClBQ, chlorobenzoquinone; ClHQ, chlorohydroquinone; ClSQ, chlorosemiquinone; OxA, oxalic acid; PH, phenolic ring; MW–P, Weisz–Prater criterion for internal diffusionHeterogeneous Fenton reaction; Goethite; 2-Chlorophenol; Surface rea
First Page Preview
Decomposition of 2-chlorophenol employing goethite as Fenton catalyst. I. Proposal of a feasible, combined reaction scheme of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 95, Issues 1–2, 12 March 2010, Pages 1–13
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us