fulltext.study @t Gmail

Application of seaweeds for the removal of lead from aqueous solution

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4754 243 2007 6 PDF Available
Title
Application of seaweeds for the removal of lead from aqueous solution
Abstract

Ten different seaweed species were compared on the basis of lead uptake at different pH conditions. The brown seaweed, Turbinaria conoides, exhibited maximum lead uptake (at pH 4.5) and hence was selected for further studies. Sorption isotherms, obtained at different pH (4–5) and temperature (25–35 °C) conditions were fitted using Langmuir and Sips models. According to the Langmuir model, the maximum lead uptake of 439.4 mg/g was obtained at optimum pH (4.5) and temperature (30 °C). The Sips model better described the sorption isotherms with high correlation coefficients at all conditions examined. Various thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° were calculated indicating that the present system was a spontaneous and endothermic process. Through potentiometric titrations, number of binding sites (carboxyl groups) and pK1 were determined as 4.1 mmol/g and 4.4, respectively. The influence of co-ions (Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+) on lead uptake was well pronounced in the case of divalent ions compared to monovalent ions. The solution of 0.1 M HCl successfully eluted all lead ions from lead-loaded T. conoides biomass. The regeneration experiments revealed that the alga could be successfully reused for five cycles without any loss in lead biosorption capacity. A glass column (2 cm i.d. and 35 cm height) was used to study the continuous lead biosorption performance of T. conoides. At 25 cm (bed height), 5 ml/min (flow rate) and 100 mg/l (initial lead concentration), T. conoides exhibited lead uptake of 220.1 mg/g. The column was successfully eluted using 0.1 M HCl, with elution efficiency of 99.7%.

Keywords
Biosorption; Lead; Seaweed; Turbinaria conoides; Regeneration
First Page Preview
Application of seaweeds for the removal of lead from aqueous solution
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 33, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 211–216
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us