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Steam reforming of methanol over ceria and gold-ceria nanoshapes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47542 46475 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Steam reforming of methanol over ceria and gold-ceria nanoshapes
Abstract

In this work we have found that a small amount (∼1 at.%) of gold deposited on ceria nanorods exhibits excellent catalytic activity for the low-temperature steam reforming of methanol (SRM). Gold clusters (<1 nm, TEM invisible) dispersed on the {1 1 0} faces of ceria nanorods catalyze the reaction in a cooperative mechanism with ceria. Gold nanoparticles (∼3 nm) on the {1 0 0} surfaces of ceria nanocubes are inactive. The apparent activation energy of the SRM reaction on Au-ceria is ∼110 kJ mol−1. On the basis of TPSR/MS analysis, we determined that the SRM reaction on Au-ceria involves methanol dehydrogenation, methyl formate hydrolysis and formic acid decomposition steps to produce CO2 and H2. Better than 97% catalyst selectivity to CO2 was found over the temperature range from 175 to 250 °C. In the presence of methanol, the water–gas shift (WGS) reaction is suppressed and is not part of the mechanism at temperatures below 250 °C. The SRM stability of the Au-ceria system is good for practical application of this type catalyst.

Keywords
Gold; Cerium oxide nanoparticles; Steam reforming of methanol; Water–gas shift reaction; Methanol decomposition; Shape effect
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 95, Issues 1–2, 12 March 2010, Pages 87–92
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us