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Study of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx on an efficient Fe/HBEA zeolite catalyst for heavy duty diesel engines

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47591 46477 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Study of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx on an efficient Fe/HBEA zeolite catalyst for heavy duty diesel engines
Abstract

The present paper addresses the removal of NOx from the exhaust of heavy duty vehicles using the SCR technique. The studies were conducted with a highly active H-BEA zeolite exhibiting a molar Si/Al ratio of 12.5 and a Fe load of 1.0 wt.% (1Fe/HBEA). The pronounced efficiency of 1Fe/HBEA is reflected by the apparent turnover frequency being superior to traditional V2O5/WO3/TiO2. The nature of the Fe sites was investigated with high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). In connection with previous examinations it is deduced that the iron sites represent octahedrally coordinated high spin Fe3+ cations. Furthermore, highly dispersed species, which are the most active sites, are supposed to be paramagnetic, while oligomeric and particulate structures indicate superparamagnetic behaviour.The practical evaluation of the 1Fe/HBEA catalyst was systematically carried out including laboratory studies of granulated powder and honeycomb samples as well as engine bench tests. For the latter studies a coated honeycomb prototype was employed showing very similar efficiency as referred to a commercial V2O5/WO3/TiO2 pattern.Furthermore, 1Fe/HBEA exhibits pronounced hydrothermal stability after aging at 550 °C which represents an elevated exhaust temperature of heavy duty vehicles. The aging caused no change in fast SCR, i.e. when a c(NO2)/c(NOx) ratio of 0.5 was used, and only minor decline in standard SCR. The slight aging effect is mainly referred to little decrease in BET surface area and NH3 uptake, respectively. PXRD indicated maintenance of the BEA structure, whereas 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed removal of some Al from the zeolite framework. Contrary, UV–vis spectroscopy evidenced no effect of hydrothermal aging on the composition of the Fe sites. Finally, the catalyst also maintained its efficiency after SO2 aging at 300 °C. Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopic studies showed adsorption of molecular SO2 on the zeolite substrate releasing already at about 400 °C.

Keywords
SCR; BEA; Zeolite; Fe; Active sites; Diesel engine; Hydrothermal aging; SO2 stability
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Study of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx on an efficient Fe/HBEA zeolite catalyst for heavy duty diesel engines
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 91, Issues 3–4, 28 September 2009, Pages 587–595
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us