High specific surface area LaFeCo perovskites—Synthesis by nanocasting and catalytic behavior in the reduction of NO with CO
LaFe1−xCoxO3 perovskites were conventionally or nanocasting synthesized. The nanocasting involved the preparation of a micro-mesoporous carbon mould using a Silica Aerosil 200 and a carbon source. Then, perovskites were carbon cast at 800 °C. The solids were characterized by XRD, N2 sorption, FTIR, TGA/DTG, SEM and TEM. N2 sorption evidenced that the nanocast perovskites did not show significant intraparticle porosity in despite of their enhanced (30–50 m2/g) specific surface area (SSA). Nevertheless, TEM images, XRD and Rietveld refinement data showed that the solids are constituted at least by 97 wt% of perovskite phase and by agglomerates smaller than 100 nm constituted by crystallites of about 6 nm. TGA/DTG results demonstrated carbon oxidation during the perovskite formation, thus eliminating the template effect and facilitating the occurrence of sintering, which limited the SSA increase. The nanocast perovskites were more active in the reduction of NO than the uncast ones, behavior that was attributed to the increase in their SSA that allows the exposure of a higher number of accessible active sites. However, the perovskite composition and the presence of impurities can reduce the effect of the improvement of the textural properties. The nanocast perovskites also showed high thermal and catalytic stability, corroborating their potential as catalysts for the studied reaction.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 90, Issues 3–4, 17 August 2009, Pages 441–450