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Sulphide-induced deactivation of Pd/Al2O3 as hydrodechlorination catalyst and its oxidative regeneration with permanganate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47671 46479 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Sulphide-induced deactivation of Pd/Al2O3 as hydrodechlorination catalyst and its oxidative regeneration with permanganate
Abstract

Pd-based catalysts have become important in environmental catalysis for their ability to hydrodechlorinate a wide range of chlorinated organic contaminants in water under ambient conditions. The success of their application in the remediation practice, e.g. for groundwater treatment, is often hindered by the sensitivity of Pd to poisoning by sulphur compounds. In this study, the stability and sulphide-induced deactivation behaviour of a highly active Pd/Al2O3 catalyst was investigated. The specific activity of Pd for the hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene corresponds to rate coefficients up to kPd = 350 L g−1 min−1. The totally deactivated catalyst, resultant of sulphide poisoning, was regenerated with potassium permanganate. The pH value, as a key parameter which may influence the degree of deactivation as well as the efficiency of catalyst regeneration, was evaluated. Results show that in clean water the Pd/Al2O3 catalyst showed no inherent deactivation regardless of the ageing time and the pH value of the catalyst suspension. The degree of catalyst poisoning effected by 1.8–5.4 μM sulphide, corresponding to molar ratios of S:Pdsurface = 1.5–8.5, was observed to be higher under neutral and alkaline than under acidic conditions. The exposure of the catalyst to higher sulphide concentration of 14.2 μM resulted in complete catalyst deactivation regardless of the pH conditions. However, the efficacy of permanganate as oxidative regenerant for the fouled catalyst showed strong pH-dependence. A regeneration time of 10–30 min at low pH was sufficient to recover completely the high catalytic activity of Pd/Al2O3 for the hydrodechlorination reaction.

Keywords
Pd catalyst; Sulphides; Catalyst poisoning; Regeneration; Potassium permanganate; Hydrodechlorination
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Sulphide-induced deactivation of Pd/Al2O3 as hydrodechlorination catalyst and its oxidative regeneration with permanganate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 90, Issues 3–4, 17 August 2009, Pages 613–617
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us