Preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream over an electrochemically promoted Pt catalyst
We have conducted a study on the preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream (PROX) coupling catalysis and electrochemistry, i.e., by using an electrochemical catalyst (Pt/K-βAl2O3). It was shown that PROX activity and selectivity of a Pt catalyst can be strongly enhanced by electrochemical pumping of potassium ions from the solid electrolyte support. The observed promotional effect was attributed to a decrease in the CO and H2 chemisorption and to an increase in the O2 chemisorption which led to a relative increase in the CO oxidation reaction vs. the H2 oxidation. The electrochemical promotion allowed decreasing the operating temperature window of the Pt catalyst and attenuating the inhibiting effect of H2 on both catalytic activity and selectivity. In addition some of the catalytic results were supported by in situ electrochemical characterization techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and open circuit potential measurements. Finally a very interesting permanent NEMCA effect was shown. It demonstrated the high stability of the formed promoting species and the potential for a further development of NEMCA effect in PROX real configurations.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 94, Issues 3–4, 10 February 2010, Pages 281–287