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Kinetics and mechanism of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in degradation of ciprofloxacin in water

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47696 46480 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics and mechanism of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in degradation of ciprofloxacin in water
Abstract

Fluoroquinolones and their metabolites are found in surface and ground waters, indicating their ineffective removal by conventional water treatment technologies. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are alternatives to traditional water treatments. They utilize free radical reactions to directly degrade fluoroquinolones. This work reports absolute rate constants for the reaction of ciprofloxacin with several free radicals, OH, N3 and SO4− as well as hydrated electrons. Pulsed radiolysis experiments showed that OH, N3 and eaq− reacted quickly with ciprofloxacin, with bimolecular reaction rate constants of (2.15 ± 0.10) × 1010, (2.90 ± 0.12) × 1010 and (2.65 ± 0.15) × 1010 M−1 s−1, respectively, while the SO4− radical appeared not to react with ciprofloxacin. Transient spectra were observed for the intermediate radicals produced by hydroxyl and azide radical reactions. Moreover, ciprofloxacin can be degraded rapidly using a typical advanced oxidation process, TiO2 photocatalysis, with half-lives of 1.9–10.9 min depending upon pH values. Seven degradation products were elucidated by LC/MS/MS analysis, and the degradation mechanism of ciprofloxacin was also tentatively proposed by combining the experimental evidence with theoretical calculations of frontier electron densities. The calculations suggest that the addition of a hydroxyl radical to ciprofloxacin and photo-hole direct attack is two predominant reaction pathways.

Keywords
Ciprofloxacin; Advanced oxidation processes; Photocatalytic; Kinetics; Mechanism
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Kinetics and mechanism of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in degradation of ciprofloxacin in water
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 94, Issues 3–4, 10 February 2010, Pages 288–294
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us