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The effects of regeneration-phase CO and/or H2 amount on the performance of a NOX storage/reduction catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47778 46482 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
The effects of regeneration-phase CO and/or H2 amount on the performance of a NOX storage/reduction catalyst
Abstract

The effects of regeneration-phase CO and/or H2, and their amounts as a function of temperature on the trapping and reduction of NOX over a model and a commercial NOX storage/reduction catalyst have been evaluated. Overall, for both catalysts, their NOX removal performance improved with each incremental increase in H2 concentration. For the commercial sample, using CO at 200 °C, beyond a small amount added, was found to decrease performance. The addition of H2 to the CO-containing mixtures resulted in improved performance at 200 °C, but the presence of the CO still resulted in decreased performance in comparison to activity when just H2 was used. With the model sample, the presence of CO resulted in very poor performance at 200 °C, even with H2. The data suggest that CO poisons Pt sites, including Pt-catalyzed nitrate decomposition. At 300 °C, H2, CO, and mixtures of the two were comparable for trapping and reduction of NOX, although with the model sample H2 did prove consistently better. With the commercial sample, H2 and CO were again comparable at 500 °C, but mixtures of the two led to slightly improved performance, while yet again H2 and H2-containing mixtures proved better than CO when testing the model sample. NH3 formation was observed under most test conditions used. At 200 °C, NH3 formation increased with each increase in H2, while at 500 °C, the amount of NH3 formed when using the mixtures was higher than that when using either H2 or CO. This coincides with the improved performance observed with the mixtures when testing the commercial.

Keywords
NOX reduction; NOX storage; Vehicle emissions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 3–4, 15 July 2009, Pages 315–325
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us