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Photodegradation of chloroacetic acids over bare and silver-deposited TiO2: Identification of species attacking model compounds, a mechanistic approach

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47781 46482 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Photodegradation of chloroacetic acids over bare and silver-deposited TiO2: Identification of species attacking model compounds, a mechanistic approach
Abstract

Photocatalytic degradation of chloroacetic acids (ClAAs) over various bare and silver-deposited Degussa P25 TiO2 particles was studied. Adsorption measurements carried out using TiO2 photocatalysts of different origin demonstrated significant dependence of the adsorption efficiency on the nature of semiconductor particles and on the number of chlorine atoms of the substrate. Irradiation of the reaction mixtures containing monochloroacetic acid (MCA), dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA), respectively, over P25 titania were performed under anaerobic and aerobic conditions. The progress of photocatalysis was followed by measuring the substrate concentration, the total organic carbon content (TOC) and the concentration of the chloride ion in the liquid phase of reaction mixtures. Opposite trends in the photodecomposition rate of the substrates were obtained for aerobic vMCA≈vDCA>vTCAvMCA≈vDCA>vTCA and for anaerobic experiments vTCA>vDCA>vMCAvTCA>vDCA>vMCA, respectively. The evolved CO2 was also measured under aerobic photodecomposition of DCA. Important role of hydroxyl radicals in the photomineralization of mono- and dichloroacetic acid was confirmed by using coumarin (COU) as a hydroxyl radical scavenger and oxalic acid as an efficient scavenger for holes. Silver deposition onto the TiO2 surface enhanced the efficiency of the semiconductor by a factor of 4 for the photooxidation of TCA and by a factor of 1.4 for DCA and MCA.

Keywords
Heterogeneous photocatalysis; TiO2; Silver-deposited TiO2; Chloroacetic acids; Coumarin; Hydroxyl radicals
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Photodegradation of chloroacetic acids over bare and silver-deposited TiO2: Identification of species attacking model compounds, a mechanistic approach
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 3–4, 15 July 2009, Pages 342–348
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us