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Controlled modification of Pt/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen: A comparative study of modifying element

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47782 46482 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Controlled modification of Pt/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen: A comparative study of modifying element
Abstract

The catalytic performance of a series of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts, modified with Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Sn, has been tested for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen. The promoters were deposited onto the surface of a 5 wt.% monometallic Pt/Al2O3 catalyst using a controlled surface approach, to give a nominal promoter:Pt surface atomic ratio of 1:2 (corresponding to typically 0.15–0.25 wt.% of the promoting metal). The aim of this approach was to selectively create the Pt-promoter oxide interfacial sites considered to be important for the non-competitive dual-site mechanism proposed for such promoted catalysts. In this mechanism the promoting oxide is believed to act as an active oxygen provider, providing oxygen for the oxidation of the CO on the Pt. The catalysts were characterised using TEM, EDX, ICP-AES and CO chemisorption and results suggest that the promoter was successfully deposited on to the Pt surface. Even at the low loadings of promoter used, significant enhancement was observed in the catalytic performance of the PROX reaction in a simulated reformate mixture, for the Fe- and Co-promoted catalysts in particular (and to a lesser extent the Mn, Sn, Cu- and Ni-promoted catalysts), highlighting the successful preparation of the Pt-promoting metal oxide interfacial sites. The Mn-promoted catalyst, however showed no enhancement in the absence of water suggesting that the form of the promoting metal oxide may be particularly important for promotion of Pt for the PROX reaction.

Keywords
PROX; Platinum; Promoted catalysts
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Controlled modification of Pt/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen: A comparative study of modifying element
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 3–4, 15 July 2009, Pages 349–355
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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