Preparation, characterization and catalytic properties of carbon nanofiber-supported Pt, Pd, Ru monometallic particles in aqueous-phase reactions
Carbon nanofibers (CNF) synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method were used to prepare supported platinum, palladium and ruthenium monometallic (2.0 wt.%) catalysts by means of incipient-wetness impregnation method. The CNF support and catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, volumetric chemisorption of hydrogen, temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Solids were tested in catalytic wet-air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol aqueous solution (180–240 °C and 10.0 bar of oxygen partial pressure) carried out in a continuous-flow trickle-bed reactor. Trends of phenol and total organic carbon (TOC) conversion demonstrate that the CNF support and CNF-Pt catalyst did not exhibit constant activity for CWAO of phenol. A decrease of catalyst activity, detection of carbon dioxide in the off-gas stream while examining catalyst stability and significant textural changes observed, provide an evidence that under net oxidizing reaction conditions gasification of the CNF support occurs. The prepared catalysts were also tested in liquid-phase thermal decarboxylation of formic acid in inert atmosphere (60–220 °C). Among solids examined, the CNF-Pd exhibited the highest activity. At the employed conditions, no decomposition of the CNF support was observed during the thermal decarboxylation of formic acid.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 3–4, 15 July 2009, Pages 375–382