Decolorization of methylene blue by heterogeneous Fenton reaction using Fe3−xTixO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.78) at neutral pH values
In this work, a series of Fe3−xTixO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.78) was synthesized using a new soft chemical method. The synthetic Fe3−xTixO4 were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Mössbauer spectroscopy, thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry (TG–DSC) analyses. The results showed that they were spinel structures and Ti was introduced into their structures.Then, decolorization of methylene blue (MB) by Fe3−xTixO4 in the presence of H2O2 at neutral pH values was studied using UV–vis spectra, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and element C analyses. Furthermore, the degradation products remained in reaction solution after the decolorization were identified using ionic chromatography (IC), 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (NMR), liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC–MS). Although small amounts of MB were mineralized, the aromatic rings in MB were destroyed completely after the decolorization. Decolorization of MB by Fe3−xTixO4 in the presence of H2O2 was promoted remarkably with the increase of Ti content in Fe3−xTixO4 due to the enhancement of both adsorption and degradation of MB on Fe3−xTixO4.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 3–4, 15 July 2009, Pages 527–535