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Structure and NOx storage behaviour of flame-made BaCO3 and Pt/BaCO3 nanoparticles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47832 46483 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Structure and NOx storage behaviour of flame-made BaCO3 and Pt/BaCO3 nanoparticles
Abstract

BaCO3 and Pt/BaCO3 nanoparticles with high specific surface area (SSA) were prepared by flame spray pyrolysis (FSP). Their structure and behaviour during NOx storage were investigated with special focus on the mechanistic and kinetic details. NO exposure of BaCO3 (BET: 45 m2 g−1) at various temperatures resulted in simple NO adducts. Low NO storage rate and NOx storage capacity (NSC) were observed up to 400 °C. In the presence as well as the absence of oxygen, NO was stored on BaCO3 showing the same IR-adsorption bands at 100–300 °C. Higher NSC and storage rates were observed for NO2 adsorption. DRIFT spectra showed that NO2 adsorption is accompanied by the formation of small amounts of NO which could be stored and subsequently oxidised again to NO2 adducts.Pt/BaCO3 prepared under identical conditions resulted in higher SSA (110 m2 g−1) and showed increased NSC especially at higher temperatures. Enhanced DRIFT adsorption bands indicated the same NO adducts as obtained for the Pt-free BaCO3 during NO treatment. In the presence of oxygen and above the light-off temperature for NO oxidation, the consecutive reaction of stored nitrite to nitrate could be observed by in situ DRIFTS. NO2 adsorption led again to the highest NSC and storage rate. An optimal operation temperature window around 300 °C was found where the NO2 storage rate was high and the catalysed competing NO2 conversion to NO was low enough to afford maximal NSC. Structural investigations indicate that only prolonged NOx treatment leads to bulk barium nitrate: solid state conversion occurs after few hours. This supports the contention that the main contribution to NOx storage during technical application in NSR catalysis occurs in the surface and subsurface regions of BaCO3.

Keywords
Lean NOx trap; NOx storage; Flame spray pyrolysis; Nanoparticles; BaCO3; Pt/BaCO3; Platinum; BaO; In situ; DRIFTS; NO2; NO breakthrough curve; Barium nitrate; Barium nitrite
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Structure and NOx storage behaviour of flame-made BaCO3 and Pt/BaCO3 nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 89, Issues 1–2, 3 July 2009, Pages 41–48
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us