fulltext.study @t Gmail

Photocatalytic oxidation of toluene at indoor air levels (ppbv): Towards a better assessment of conversion, reaction intermediates and mineralization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47876 46484 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic oxidation of toluene at indoor air levels (ppbv): Towards a better assessment of conversion, reaction intermediates and mineralization
Abstract

We report here a new analytical methodology for the investigation of toluene photocatalytic removal at indoor-relevant concentration level (ppbv). Experiments were performed using an annular flow-through reactor with TiO2 as photocatalyst, toluene as a model VOC and under different ranges of relative humidity (RH: 0–70%), inlet concentration (20–400 ppbv) and flow rate (70–350 mL min−1). Analysis of reaction intermediates was conducted using an automated thermal desorption technique coupled to GC–MS instrument (ATD–GC–MS) whereas a GC coupled to pulsed discharge helium ionization detector (GC–PDPID) was used for the first time for on-line measurements of CO and CO2 at ppbv level.Under these conditions, toluene conversion was up to 90–100% with a slight influence of inlet concentration and RH, whereas flow rate was found to be a prevalent factor. Mineralization (%) varied from 55 to 95% and has shown to be strongly inhibited by the increase of RH whereas flow rate and inlet concentration exhibited a negligible effect. The reaction intermediates were found to be different according to the RH level: in absence of water vapor, traces of low molecular weight carbonyls (formaldehyde, methyl glyoxal, etc.) were detected and quantified in the gas phase whereas at RH 40%, hydroxylated intermediates such as cresols and benzyl alcohol were observed. On the basis of identification results, a reaction mechanism was proposed involving mainly direct hole oxidation at dry conditions and hydroxylation by OH radicals at high RH level.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; VOC; Toluene; Indoor air; Reaction products
First Page Preview
Photocatalytic oxidation of toluene at indoor air levels (ppbv): Towards a better assessment of conversion, reaction intermediates and mineralization
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 86, Issues 3–4, 23 February 2009, Pages 159–165
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us