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Impregnated carbon based catalyst for protection against carbon monoxide gas

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47973 46487 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Impregnated carbon based catalyst for protection against carbon monoxide gas
Abstract

Activated carbon based palladium impregnated catalyst (Pd/C) was prepared for the reactive removal of carbon monoxide (CO) gas under ambient air conditions. For this, active carbon of 1250 m2/g surface area was impregnated with palladium salt to get Pd/C catalyst, containing palladium from 4.0 to 8.0% (w/w). Catalytic efficiency of the catalyst against CO gas was determined under dynamic conditions by passing CO–air mixture to the fixed bed of the Pd/C catalyst. Results indicated that Pd/C catalyst was continuously adsorbing and actively removing CO gas during the course of the palladium catalyzed reaction, i.e., CO + 1/2 O2 → CO2 and was found capable of providing excellent protection against CO gas. Moisture content (humidity) of inlet CO–air mixture indicated it to be an important factor affecting the CO removal efficiency of the catalyst, as an increase in humidity after the CO breakthrough resulted in to the activation of the catalyst due to the generation of hydroxyl groups and enhanced protection by the regeneration of the catalyst. Study indicated that Pd/C catalyst works as a catalytic converter, i.e., the continuous conversion of CO to CO2 using atmospheric oxygen and moisture. In order to determine the shelf life, the Pd/C catalyst was also evaluated for its performance after accelerated ageing at 70 °C and 50% relative humidity (RH) for 3.75 and 7.5 months. The catalyst was found to be working efficiently for 3.75 months but after 7.5 months it could not provide 100% protection against CO gas, however, the same catalyst started giving 100% protection after regeneration. Hence, studies indicated the Pd/C catalyst to be a promising catalyst for the reactive removal of CO gas in enclosed spaces/compartments, coal mines, fire accidents and for getting the protection for longer duration under ambient air conditions.

Keywords
Palladium; Catalyst; Carbon monoxide; Oxidation; Impregnation; Reproducibility
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 88, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2009, Pages 257–262
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us