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Performance of a catalytically activated ceramic hot gas filter for catalytic tar removal from biomass gasification gas

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47977 46487 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Performance of a catalytically activated ceramic hot gas filter for catalytic tar removal from biomass gasification gas
Abstract

Silicon carbide-based filter elements were catalytically activated to provide filter elements for catalytic tar removal from biomass-derived syngas. The filter element support was coated with CeO2, CaO–Al2O3 and MgO with a specific surface of 7.4, 15.9 and 21.9 m2/g synthesized by exo-templating with activated carbon. Doping of a MgO coated filter element with 60 wt% NiO has led to an increase of the specific surface from 0.15 to 0.21 m2/g, whereas in case of a MgO–Al2O3 coated filter element a decrease from 1.18 to 0.91 m2/g was found. An increase of the NiO loading from 6 to 60 wt% on a MgO coated filter element resulted in an increase of the naphthalene conversion from 91 to 100% at 800 °C and a face velocity of 2.5 cm/s at a naphthalene concentration of 5 g/Nm3 in model biomass gasification gas. In case of a MgO–Al2O3 coated filter element with 60 wt% NiO in addition to complete naphthalene conversion in the absence of H2S, a higher conversion of 66% was found in the presence of 100 ppmv H2S compared to 49% of the MgO–NiO coated filter element. After scaling up of the catalytic activation procedure to a 1520 mm long filter candle, which shows an acceptable differential pressure of 54.9 mbar, 58 and 97% naphthalene conversion was achieved in the presence and absence of H2S, respectively. The calculated WHSV value of 209.6 Nm3 h−1 kg−1 indicates the technical feasibility of a further increase of the catalytic performance by an increase of the NiO loading.

Keywords
Catalytic filter; MgO; NiO; Tar reforming catalyst; Biomass gasification
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Performance of a catalytically activated ceramic hot gas filter for catalytic tar removal from biomass gasification gas
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 88, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2009, Pages 292–298
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us