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A crucial role of O2− and O22− on mayenite structure for biomass tar steam reforming over Ni/Ca12Al14O33

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47984 46487 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
A crucial role of O2− and O22− on mayenite structure for biomass tar steam reforming over Ni/Ca12Al14O33
Abstract

Newly synthesized nickel calcium aluminum catalysts (Ni/Ca12Al14O33) were tested in a fixed bed reactor for biomass tar steam reforming, toluene as tar destruction model compound. Four catalysts (Ni/Ca12Al14O33) were prepared with Ni loading amount from 1, 3, 5 to 7 wt%, even 1% loading catalyst also showed excellent performance. Catalysts aged experiments in the absence (60 h on stream) and presence of H2S were characterized by BET, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Raman spectra. It was observed that Ni/Ca12Al14O33 showed excellent sustainability against coke formation due to the “free oxygen” in the catalysts. It also exhibited higher H2S-poisoning resistance property compared to the commercial catalysts Ni/Al2O3 (5%) and Ni/CaO0.5/MgO0.5. Raman spectra revealed that “free oxygen O2− and O22−” in the structure of the catalysts could be substituted by sulfur then protected Ni poisoning on some degree, but reactivation experiments by O2 flowing showed that the sulfide Ni/Ca12Al14O33 was difficult to completely restore, incorporation of sulfur in the structure only partly regain by O2. The kinetic model proposes, as generally accepted, a first-order reaction for toluene with activation energy of 82.06 kJ mol−1 was coincident with the literature data. The Ni/Ca12Al14O33 catalyst was effective and relative cheap, which may be lead to reduction in the cost of hot gas cleaning process.

Keywords
Biomass tar; Toluene steam reforming; Ni/Ca12Al14O33; Coke-resistance; Sulfur poisoning
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A crucial role of O2− and O22− on mayenite structure for biomass tar steam reforming over Ni/Ca12Al14O33
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 88, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2009, Pages 351–360
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us