Steam reforming of methane under water deficient conditions over gadolinium-doped ceria
The catalytic properties of gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO) in methane steam reforming were studied. Catalytic tests were carried out between 750 and 900 °C, for H2O/CH4 ratios varying between 0.1 and 1, pretreated in H2O/N2, N2 and H2/N2. Above 800 °C, slight deactivation with time on stream was observed except for the H2-pretreated sample. Surface area measurements, O2 adsorption at room temperature and O2-temperature programmed oxidation experiments were performed after catalytic testing. Changes in both surface area and redox properties of CGO were observed and related to catalytic deactivation. Hydrogen is thought to play a key role in catalytic activity and deactivation process.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 88, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2009, Pages 361–367