fulltext.study @t Gmail

La(1−x)SrxCo1−yFeyO3 perovskites prepared by sol–gel method: Characterization and relationships with catalytic properties for total oxidation of toluene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
47994 46487 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
La(1−x)SrxCo1−yFeyO3 perovskites prepared by sol–gel method: Characterization and relationships with catalytic properties for total oxidation of toluene
Abstract

La(1−x)SrxCo(1−y)FeyO3 samples have been prepared by sol–gel method using EDTA and citric acid as complexing agents. For the first time, Raman mappings were achieved on this type of samples especially to look for traces of Co3O4 that can be present as additional phase and not detect by XRD. The prepared samples were pure perovskites with good structural homogeneity. All these perovskites were very active for total oxidation of toluene above 200 °C. The ageing procedure used indicated good thermal stability of the samples. A strong improvement of catalytic properties was obtained substituting 30% of La3+ by Sr2+ cations and a slight additional improvement was observed substituting 20% of cobalt by iron. Hence, the optimized composition was La0.7Sr0.3Co0.8Fe0.2O3. The samples were also characterized by BET measurements, SEM and XRD techniques. Iron oxidation states were determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Cobalt oxidation states and the amount of O− electrophilic species were analyzed from XPS achieved after treatment without re-exposition to ambient air. Textural characterization revealed a strong increase in the specific surface area and a complete change of the shape of primary particles substituting La3+ by Sr2+. The strong lowering of the temperature at conversion 20% for the La0.7Sr0.3Co(1−y)FeyO3 samples can be explained by these changes. X photoelectron spectra obtained with our procedure evidenced very high amount of O− electrophilic species for the La0.7Sr0.3Co(1−y)FeyO3 samples. These species able to activate hydrocarbons could be the active sites. The partial substitution of cobalt by iron has only a limited effect on the textural properties and the amount of O− species. However, Raman spectroscopy revealed a strong dynamic structural distortion by Jahn–Teller effect and Mössbauer spectroscopy evidenced the presence of Fe4+ cations in the iron containing samples. These structural modifications could improve the reactivity of the active sites explaining the better specific activity rate of the La0.7Sr0.3Co0.8Fe0.2O3 sample. Finally, an additional improvement of catalytic properties was obtained by the addition of 5% of cobalt cations in the solution of preparation. As evidenced by Raman mappings and TEM images, this method of preparation allowed to well-dispersed small Co3O4 particles that are very efficient for total oxidation of toluene with good thermal stability contrary to bulk Co3O4.

Keywords
La(1−x)SrxCo(1−y)FeyO3; Perovskite; Sol–gel method; Toluene total oxidation; VOC abatement; Raman mappings; XPS; Mössbauer spectroscopy; O− species; Co3O4
First Page Preview
La(1−x)SrxCo1−yFeyO3 perovskites prepared by sol–gel method: Characterization and relationships with catalytic properties for total oxidation of toluene
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 88, Issues 3–4, 20 May 2009, Pages 438–447
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us