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Effect of sintering on the catalytic activity of a Pt based catalyst for CO oxidation: Experiments and modeling

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48156 46495 2008 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of sintering on the catalytic activity of a Pt based catalyst for CO oxidation: Experiments and modeling
Abstract

The goal of this paper was to make the link between sintering of a 1.6% Pt/Al2O3 catalyst and its activity for CO oxidation reaction. Thermal aging of this catalyst for different durations ranging from 15 min to 16 h, at 600 and 700 °C, under 7% O2, led to a shift of the platinum particle size distributions towards larger diameters, due to sintering. These distributions were studied by transmission electron microscopy. The number and the surface average diameters of platinum particles increase from 1.3 to 8.9 nm and 2.1 to 12.8 nm, respectively, after 16 h aging at 600 °C. The catalytic activity for CO oxidation under different CO and O2 inlet concentrations decreases after aging the catalyst. The light-off temperature increased by 48 °C when the catalyst was aged for 16 h at 600 °C. The CO oxidation reaction is structure sensitive with a catalytic activity increasing with the platinum particle size. To account for this size effect, two intrinsic kinetic constants, related either to platinum atoms on planar faces or atoms on edges and corners were defined. A platinum site located on a planar face was found to be 2.5 more active than a platinum site on edges or corners, whatever the temperature. The global kinetic law {r (mol m−2 s−1) = 103 × exp(−64,500/RT)[O2]0.74[CO]−0.5)} related to a reaction occurring on a platinum atom located on planar faces allows a simulation of the CO conversion curves during a temperature ramp. Modeling of the catalytic CO conversion during a temperature ramp, using the different aged catalysts, allows prediction of the CO conversion curves over a wide range of experimental conditions.

Keywords
Carbon monoxide; Oxidation; Modeling; Sintering; Platinum based catalyst
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Effect of sintering on the catalytic activity of a Pt based catalyst for CO oxidation: Experiments and modeling
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 83, Issues 3–4, 23 September 2008, Pages 229–239
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us