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Catalytic ozonation for the degradation of nitrobenzene in aqueous solution by ceramic honeycomb-supported manganese

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48158 46495 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic ozonation for the degradation of nitrobenzene in aqueous solution by ceramic honeycomb-supported manganese
Abstract

Catalytic ozonation of nitrobenzene in aqueous solution has been carried out in a semi-continuous laboratory reactor where ceramic honeycomb and Mn–ceramic honeycomb have been used as the catalysts. The presences of the two catalysts significantly improve the degradation efficiency of nitrobenzene, the utilization efficiency of ozone and the production of oxidative intermediate species compared to the results from non-catalytic ozonation, and the improvement of them is even more pronounced in the presence of Mn–ceramic honeycomb. Adsorptions of nitrobenzene on the two catalytic surfaces have no remarkable influence on the degradation efficiency. Addition of tert-butanol causes the obvious decrease of degradation efficiency, suggesting that degradation of nitrobenzene follows the mechanism of hydroxyl radical (OH) oxidation. Some of the main operating variables like amount of catalyst and reaction temperature exert a positive influence on the degradation efficiency of nitrobenzene. Initial pH also presents a positive effect in the ozonation alone system while the optimum working initial pH is found to be around 8.83 and 10.67 to the processes of ozonation/ceramic honeycomb and ozonation/Mn–ceramic honeycomb, respectively. The surface characteristics measurement of the two catalysts indicates that the loading of Mn increases the specific surface area, the pH at the point of zero charge (pHPZC) and the density of surface hydroxyl groups, and results in the appearance of new crystalline phase of MnO2. The results of mechanism research confirm that the loading of Mn promotes the initiation of OH.

Keywords
Catalytic ozonation; Nitrobenzene; Ceramic honeycomb; Mn; Hydroxyl radical (OH)
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Catalytic ozonation for the degradation of nitrobenzene in aqueous solution by ceramic honeycomb-supported manganese
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 83, Issues 3–4, 23 September 2008, Pages 256–264
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us