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Gas–liquid mass transfer in an up-flow cocurrent packed-bed biofilm reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4816 248 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Gas–liquid mass transfer in an up-flow cocurrent packed-bed biofilm reactor
Abstract

Gas–liquid mass transfer was investigated in an up-flow cocurrent packed-bed biofilm reactor. In aerobic processes gas–liquid mass transfer can be considered as a key operational parameter as well as in reactor scale-up. The present paper investigates the influence of the liquid phase mixing in the determination of the volumetric gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient (kLa) coefficient. Residence time distribution (RTD) experiments were performed in the reactor to determine the flow pattern of the liquid phase and to model mathematically the liquid phase mixing. The mathematical model derived from RTD experiments was used to evaluate the influence of the liquid mixing on the experimental estimation of the (kLa) in this reactor type. The methods used to estimate the kLa coefficient were: (i) dynamic gassing-out, (ii) sulphite method, and (iii) in-process estimation through biological conversion obtained in the reactor. The use of standard chemical engineering correlations to determine the kLa in this type of bioreactors is assessed. Experimental and modelling results show how relevant can be to take into consideration the liquid phase mixing in the calculations of the most-used methods for the estimation of kLa coefficient. kLa coefficient was found to be strongly heterogeneous along the reactor vertical axis. The value of the kLa coefficient for the packed-bed section ranged 0.01–0.12 s−1. A preliminary correlation was established for up-flow cocurrent packed-bed biofilm reactors as a function of gas superficial velocity.

Keywords
Gas–liquid mass transfer; Biofilm reactor; Packed-bed bioreactors; Nitrification; Mathematical modelling; Flow model
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Gas–liquid mass transfer in an up-flow cocurrent packed-bed biofilm reactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 31, Issue 3, 1 October 2006, Pages 188–196
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us