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Low temperature NOx and N2O reduction by H2: Mechanism and development of new nano-catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48164 46496 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
Low temperature NOx and N2O reduction by H2: Mechanism and development of new nano-catalysts
Abstract

The understanding of the mechanistic aspects and development of new catalysts for NOx reduction is a priority area of research. Precious metal substituted TiO2 (Ti0.99M0.01O2−δ, where M = Ru, Rh, Pd, Pt) catalysts have been synthesized and investigated for the catalytic reduction of NO by H2. These catalysts have higher activity compared to other catalysts reported in literature. The rate of NO reduction by H2 depends on the reducibility of the catalysts. Temperature programmed reduction experiments with H2 indicate that as the H2 dissociation temperature decreases (reflecting the reducibility of the catalysts), the rate of NO + H2 reaction increases. A new bi-functional reaction mechanism has been developed that accounts for NO adsorption on Mn+ and NO dissociation on the oxide ion vacancy. The kinetic parameters were determined by fitting the model to the experimental data. Consistent with the experimental results, it was found that NO reduction rate was dependent on the adsorption and dissociation of H2 on the metal.

Keywords
NO reduction by hydrogen; Metal ion-doped titanium oxide; Reaction mechanism
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 84, Issues 3–4, 1 December 2008, Pages 341–350
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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