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The effects of La2O3 on the structural properties of La2O3–Al2O3 prepared by the sol–gel method and on the catalytic performance of Pt/La2O3–Al2O3 towards steam reforming and partial oxidation of methane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48192 46496 2008 11 PDF Available
Title
The effects of La2O3 on the structural properties of La2O3–Al2O3 prepared by the sol–gel method and on the catalytic performance of Pt/La2O3–Al2O3 towards steam reforming and partial oxidation of methane
Abstract

The effect of La2O3 content on the structural properties and catalytic behavior of Pt/xLa2O3–Al2O3 catalysts in steam reforming of methane and partial oxidation of methane was investigated. There was a decrease in the density of Pt sites with the increase of La2O3 loadings according to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed CO and to dehydrogenation of cyclohexane results. However, transmission electron microscopy data indicates an opposite trend. This apparent disagreement could be due to the partial coverage of Pt sites by LaOx species. CH4 turnover rates and specific rates of steam reforming of methane increased for higher La2O3 loadings. The Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was strongly deactivated during partial oxidation of methane, while La2O3-containing catalysts exhibited higher stability. The increase of activity observed during the reactions was ascribed to the ability of the [LaPtxO]Pt0-like species to promote the gasification of coke. This cleaning mechanism led to higher accessibility of the active sites to CH4.

Keywords
Sol–gel; Lanthanum oxide; Platinum on alumina; CO adsorption; Steam reforming of methane; Partial oxidation of methane
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The effects of La2O3 on the structural properties of La2O3–Al2O3 prepared by the sol–gel method and on the catalytic performance of Pt/La2O3–Al2O3 towards steam reforming and partial oxidation of methane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 84, Issues 3–4, 1 December 2008, Pages 552–562
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us